January 17: The most recent update to this tracker adds legislation introduced in Congress saying the Secretary of the Interior “shall seek to issue permits” for no less than 30 GW of offshore wind production by 2030, legislation introduced in Florida to ban all offshore and onshore wind production, and legislation introduced in Washington to mandate the study of how offshore wind might impact the ocean.
The tracker has also been updated to reflect that the projects South Fork and Vineyard Wind both began delivering power to the grid in December, but their estimated dates for full completion have been moved from the end of 2023 to early 2024.
Other recent developments in the offshore wind industry include:
- Equinor and BP terminated their Offshore Wind Renewable Energy Certificate agreement with the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority for Empire Wind 2, but indicated they will rebid their agreement in the state’s upcoming fourth solicitation;
- The provisions for an expedited bid process and a relaxed policy on project termination fees included in New York’s upcoming solicitation are seen as a positive sign for developers;
- Delaware’s Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control released a report finding that the state should invest in offshore wind to meet its energy needs but may need to partner with neighboring states to make the finances work; and
- The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management is conducting a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement across multiple lease areas in the New York Bight at once, aiming to “significantly accelerate the federal permitting process.
An offshore wind boom is underway in the U.S. as the industry aims to meet the Biden administration’s goal of deploying 30 GW by 2030. Last year the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management held its first-ever auction for offshore wind leases off the West Coast in addition to auctioning six new lease areas in the New York Bight, and the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management held its first-ever auction for offshore wind leases off the West Coast. A record total of nine leases went into effect in 2022.
The federal government has also proposed lease sales in the Gulf of Maine and the Gulf of Mexico, where deeper waters will necessitate the use of floating wind platforms instead of fixed-bottom turbine foundations. And Ohio is working to establish an offshore wind farm in Lake Erie that would be the first U.S. freshwater farm in state-controlled waters.
Offshore wind farms are concentrated in the Northeast's shallow waters
Offshore wind projects under construction are poised to add unprecedented capacity to the nascent industry
As the industry expands, so do the number of state and federal policy measures aimed at managing offshore wind. These measures include proposals to direct some offshore wind revenue toward studies on the industry’s marine impacts, and ones that would require analysis of offshore wind’s impacts on transmission planning. Use the search field below to find individual states by their postal abbreviation, or type "US" to find activity at the federal level.
States and Congress are considering a bevy of measures
Methodology: Wind farms under construction are listed once their developers release specifics on their size and location. The policy table includes significant state and federal developments. It generally does not include project-specific developments like environmental assessments. To suggest updates or alterations, please email [email protected].
Visuals Editor Shaun Lucas and Data + Visuals Director Greg Linch contributed to this story.