February 29: The most recent update to this tracker adds legislation introduced in Oregon that would declare a state of emergency regarding offshore wind's labor, environmental and other impacts, and require the development of a roadmap to curb those impacts. Also new is legislation in Massachusetts directing the Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs to establish an advisory council on offshore wind wildlife habitat management.
Other recent developments in the offshore wind industry include:
- Dominion Energy announced it will sell a 50% stake in Coastal Virginia Offshore Wind to investment firm Stonepeak, but will “retain full operational control of the construction and operations”;
- Mayor Rick Meehan of Ocean City, Maryland, rejected a proposed community benefit agreement offered by Maryland offshore wind developer US Wind;
- The California Public Utilities Commission approved a plan that will mandate the state deploy 4.5 GW of offshore wind by 2035, and;
- The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management gave final approval to the Empire Wind project, finalized wind energy areas offshore Oregon with up to 2.4 GW of capacity, and completed an environmental analysis for Park City Wind’s proposed New England Wind farm offshore of Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New York.
An offshore wind boom is underway in the U.S. as the industry aims to meet the Biden administration’s goal of deploying 30 GW by 2030. Last year the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management held its first-ever auction for offshore wind leases off the West Coast in addition to auctioning six new lease areas in the New York Bight, and the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management held its first-ever auction for offshore wind leases off the West Coast. A record total of nine leases went into effect in 2022.
The federal government has also proposed lease sales in the Gulf of Maine and the Gulf of Mexico, where deeper waters will necessitate the use of floating wind platforms instead of fixed-bottom turbine foundations. And Ohio is working to establish an offshore wind farm in Lake Erie that would be the first U.S. freshwater farm in state-controlled waters.
Offshore wind farms are concentrated in the Northeast's shallow waters
Offshore wind projects under construction are poised to add unprecedented capacity to the nascent industry
As the industry expands, so do the number of state and federal policy measures aimed at managing offshore wind. These measures include proposals to direct some offshore wind revenue toward studies on the industry’s marine impacts, and ones that would require analysis of offshore wind’s impacts on transmission planning. Use the search field below to find individual states by their postal abbreviation, or type "US" to find activity at the federal level.
States and Congress are considering a bevy of measures
Methodology: Wind farms under construction are listed once their developers release specifics on their size and location. The policy table includes significant state and federal developments. It generally does not include project-specific developments like environmental assessments. To suggest updates or alterations, please email [email protected].
Visuals Editor Shaun Lucas and Data + Visuals Director Greg Linch contributed to this story.