- The New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (BPU) on Wednesday approved a framework for Energy Efficiency and Peak Demand Reduction programs, setting five-year savings targets of 2.15% for electric distribution companies and 1.10% for gas distribution companies.
- According to the BPU and energy efficiency advocates, the targets will result in some of the highest energy savings in the country. "Only a few states consistently achieve more than 2%," Natural Resources Defense Council New Jersey Policy Director Eric Miller told Utility Dive.
- The new rules split some energy efficiency responsibilities between utilities and the state. Utilities will run core programs that serve the residential, commercial and industrial, and multifamily sectors. New Jersey will continue to administer its Large Energy Users Program, combined heat and power projects, and state and local government programs.
State energy savings targets vary widely, and according to the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) New Jersey's new targets set it in strong company.
"Once you get above 2% you're in that top tier," said Miller.
For instance, Texas has a savings target of 0.2% of retail sales annually, according to ACEEE. On the other hand, Vermont, Rhode Island and Massachusetts target 2.5% or more.
"In the last few years, New Jersey has struggled to move out of the middle of the pack nationally on energy efficiency policy, but if the utilities are successful in implementing the order, that will change now, big time," said ACEEE utility program director Rachel Gold.
Targets set by regulators are more aggressive than those required by lawmakers. New Jersey's Clean Energy Act was approved in 2018 and requires each electric utility in the state to reduce energy usage by at least 2% and gas utilities at least 0.75%.
Regulators also took steps to ensure the new efficiency goals benefit New Jersey's low- and moderate-income (LMI) communities. Competitive contracts need to encourage supplier diversity and utilities are required to collaborate on ways to prioritize diverse contractors. They are also required to provide other non-competing low-income and moderate income programs, with automatic LMI eligibility.
"We worked to ensure that underserved communities will benefit from these programs," BPU President Joseph Fiordaliso said in a statement
"This framework demonstrates a serious commitment to meeting the energy needs of New Jersey's homes and businesses with affordable, clean options," Miller said. The state and utilities must now work together to achieve energy savings targets "while ensuring equitable access to programs for all customers, no matter their income-level.”
Utilities will need to file efficiency proposals with the BPU this fall, with a goal of having programs finalized by next June. Only Public Service Electric & Gas has a current efficiency filing. The utility says it sees "room for improvement" on areas of energy savings affordability and maximizing efficiency job creation. But overall "we were pleased to see the board make enhancements to the overall framework from prior proposals,'' the utility told NJ Spotlight.
Regulators backed away from a previous proposal which included a 100-basis point reduction to utility returns on equity (ROE) for energy-saving investments. Stakeholders and efficiency advocates had warned it would reduce the incentive for utilities to invest in efficiency.
The BPU approved staff recommendations that the carrying costs for program investments use the capital structure established in each utility's most recent base rate case, "incorporating both the cost of debt and the ROE." Staff recommended no basis point reduction on the ROE "in order to recognize [energy efficiency's] importance compared to traditional utility investments."
New Jersey utilities will also be required to propose peak demand reduction offerings to start by the program's fourth year.
Program expenses will be amortized over 10 years, which regulators said "sets energy efficiency investments on a level playing field relative to other utility investments."
In the coming months, BPU staff will work with the utilities and the Division of Rate Counsel to develop an alternative mechanism for the utilities to recover lost revenue, though the order does include a Lost Revenue Adjustment Mechanism.
New Jersey will also hire a statewide evaluator to "ensure transparency and accountability for state and utility programs," the BPU said.